90% people aware of harmful effects of plastic bags, but still use it: Study The study reflected that while over 85% of the respondents were aware of the plastic usage ban and the harmful effects of plastic on the environment. They cause billions in damage to the environment and to health. Another social effect from the ocean pollution is the loss of jobs. Much of our current understanding about plastic pollution is on a local level that cannot be interpreted easily on a global scale; and yet, this is a global threat. But we can only end marine plastic pollution in the long run if we invent smarter materials and synchronize the economic system of mankind with the ecosystem of nature. Drinking water costs. Deloitte has developed a comprehensive model to calculate the global economic impact of plastic pollution, and the results are quite shocking. Water, Water Everywhere. Hemp is the same plant as marijuana, its scientific name is "cannabis sativa. India generates close to 26,000 tonnes of plastic a day, according to a CPCB estimate from 2012. txt) or read online for free. Filipinos, particularly businessmen, seemed to heed the advice that was given to Oscar-nominated Dustin Hoffman in. While recycling the bottle helps the environment, producing it has already done a great amount of damage because 90% of bottled. Harrisburg Academy 5,663 views. Nutrient pollution, for example, leads to an increase in algae, which depletes the water of oxygen, thereby leading to the death of fish and other aquatic life. It has sections on the health effects, economic costs and automotive causes of air pollution. What is exactly the global environmental problem of marine debris and plastic pollution we’re dealing with ? In two reports of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) dedicated to this topic, marine debris (or marine litter as this term is used) are defined as ‘any persistent, manufactured or processed solid material discarded. Minister Edna Molewa introduced her department’s ‘Source to Sea’ initiative recently that will focus on marine pollution. Social and Environmental Effects of pollution As the population increases, so does the number of cars on the road. Plastic pollution is the accumulation of plastic objects and particles (e. We have also produced an FAQs on Plastics page which attempts to answer additional common questions on the topic. Watch the video on our site here. which need more than 12 million barrels of petrol in its industry ,this type of plastic has a sharp increase in its price because of the petrol price. Billions of pounds of plastic can be found in swirling convergences that make up about 40 percent of the world's ocean surfaces. One truckload of plastic is dumped into the ocean every minute. Plastic pollution affects people worldwide, but the people who are connected with it first hand know the effects it has on the fish. Funding competition Ocean plastic solutions investment accelerator: reducing plastic pollution UK businesses can apply for a share of up to £2 million to develop solutions that tackle the environmental crisis of plastic pollution in the world’s oceans. Van Jones · Social justice and green energy activist. Fortunately, not everyone agrees with this view. Pollution is a significant negative externality and can result from a number of activities. The target audience are plastic bottle producers and consumers. The pollution of the world’s. Result of survey about air pollution, water pollution, greens and parks satisfaction, light and noise pollution, etc. A major study on urban pollution carried out in 650 cities worldwide has confirmed the fear that air pollution impacts on human health in the short term and is directly linked to the. Plastic bottles are currently the 5th most commonly found trash item at coastline cleanups (by quantity), making up a sizable portion of the total plastic pollution in oceans. Plastic pollution is not just a water quality problem; it is also a food safety problem. House Republican Leaders Introduce Pointless, Costly, But Virtue. This shows how critical the effects of plastic chemical pollution on the environment truly is as a global issue. Straws don't provide as much utility as bags, so for many this is an easy adjustment. Multinational companies are business entities that operate in more than one country. In the interactive map we show death rates from air pollution across the world, measured as the number of deaths per 100,000 people of a given country or region. Plastics pollution has a direct and deadly effect on. History of Plastic "Plastic" entered the world through chemistry in 1909 and was originally coined to describe Bakelite, the first fully synthetic resin. Social Consequences Perhaps, we also do not realize that if we take up the lion’s share of the planet's resources, then others have less to live on. Plastic Pollution is the accumulation and permeation of man-made plastics into the environment reaching a point when they wreak havoc on ecosystems and the wildlife that inhabit them. The Problem. “The Effects of Plastic Pollution” – Madison H. Question: Discuss about the Comparative Analysis of Recycling Industry. Lighting that emits too much light or shines when and where it’s not needed is wasteful. To help curb environmental pollution from waste there are two varieties of legislation. Read on these 20 Economic Effects of Ocean Pollution to find out how serious the situation is. Plastic straws and other single-use plastics are a non-essential part of our life. ) The energy-related costs of collecting and transporting plastic waste, and especially of processing it for re-use, are frequently the deciding factor in assessing the practicability of recycling. All the BBC's news on plastic pollution It is estimated debris takes about six years to reach the centre of the North Pacific gyre from the coast of the US, and about a year from Japan. SPREP will work with member Pacific nations to identify and implement practical actions that can reduce the use of these plastics, improve their post-use management, or both. Delhi is the currently most polluted city in the world, surpassing Beijing. China became the largest greenhouse gas emitter in 2005 and remains in this position, followed by the United States and the European Union, according to the World Resources Institute. But in 2016 the European Food Safety Authority warned of an increased risk to human health and food safety "given the potential for micro-plastic pollution in edible tissues of commercial fish". Some of the nastiest, most polluted rivers in the world are in China and India. There is an urgent need to explore the use of existing legally binding international agreements to address marine plastic pollution. Plastic continues to fill the world’s oceans at an astonishing rate, inflicting major environmental damage. Environmental pollution usually occurs as a result of energy conversions and the use of resources which leaves their by-products behind in water, soil or air. Global News 91,124 views. From 1970 to 2012, the U. researchers can place a monetary value on the health effects caused by air pollution and come up with a "social cost" of the offending. Some governments and organisations are doing their part to reduce plastic use and better. The effects of water pollution are far-reaching. Globalization Trends Globalization is an abstract concept that refers to a complex process involving political, economic, and sociocultural changes. The usage of plastic is increasing exponentially from the last century. Rising pollution in the developing world is ranked as the sixth most significant global trend this year – and in Asia it’s the third. Some studies have also found links to increased risks of breast cancer. Together these two groups account for 70% of. Our recent work in this field includes campaigns on microplastics and the health effects of plastic waste, and especially our Plastic Health Summit. 4 • Quick or slow death • Injury that causes infection. BPA is used in many things including plastic bottles and food packaging materials. 3 The costs to society of plastic pollution 8 2 Plastic pollution is a material business risk 10 2. Oceanic plastic comes from “littering, poorly managed landfills, tourist activities, and fisheries,” the UN Environment Program said in a recent statement. Keywords: plastics, health effects, pollution, sustainability, sustainable consumption, body burden, consumer affairs. Predicting the movement, impacts of microplastic pollution The current uncertainty as to the effects of global warming on our oceans is the greatest challenge in predicting the future patterns. Plastic waste pollution, aggravated by inefficient waste collection and limited recycling capabilities, is prevalent across Africa. With all those cars now sequestered in garages, air quality around the world has. economy more than doubled. Air pollution harms people, other animals, and the environment, causing both long-term and short-term effects. Because plastic is such a persistent material, the ecological, economic and eco-toxicological effects of plastic pollution are all long-term. Plastic waste management is a critical issue. Recycling rates for plastic bags average around 7 percent. A solid understanding of the ecological, social and economic impact of marine plastic is necessary to inform a global transition in the way we make, use and reuse plastic, in such a way as to eliminate negative impacts, with implications for public behaviour, legislation and governance, industry and commerce (Pahl et al. Global Ideas Taking on plastic pollution with molecular recycling. Polyethene-made items are made for one-time use only, once used they are being thrown away. Image Credit: Kekyalyaynen / Shutterstock. SPREP will work with member Pacific nations to identify and implement practical actions that can reduce the use of these plastics, improve their post-use management, or both. The major chemicals that go into the making of plastic are highly toxic and pose serious threat to living beings of all species on earth. Both of these are of great concern to human health. About 92% of all pollution-related mortality is seen in low-income and middle-income countries, with the poor, marginalized, and young hardest hit by the health effects of the contamination. Sea animals are regularly found to be tangled up in. Chemicals in plastics can build up in seabirds at levels thousands of times higher than normal. In fact there could be a problem of water pollution only if the pol-lution loads exceed the natural regenerative capacity of a water resource. 5 trillion is lost each year due to marine plastic pollution Research continues to uncover the growing threats from plastic pollution. Plastic pollution harms marine wildlife and is thought to accumulate in the food web, with potentially negative consequences for human health. A new research collaboration between Greenpeace East Asia and the Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives (GAIA) has detailed the flow of "recyclable" plastics around the world and its impact on people. Marine Litter Solutions. Economic Effects Pollution, due to its ability to cause illness in humans, can have a significant impact on the world’s economy. With the increased proliferation of plastics in the last half-century, plastic debris presents an environmental problem without a clear solution. But these bans leave the impression that they solve the plastics pollution problem without much. Plastic pollution threatens tourism-dependent nations, especially small island developing states (SIDS) like The Bahamas. Thermal pollution may also cause significant departures from nor activities of aquatic communities. These are systems that pay a small refund when people return their containers to a recycling location. Plastic products are everywhere. While there are numerous movements to ban plastic bags, utensils, and microbeads, fishing nets and other abandoned fishing gear makes up the majority of. Reversing ocean plastic pollution is an urgent need. effects of environmental pollution The pollution of the environment & its natural resources such as water, air or land with different pollutants is known as environmental pollution. The Economic Effects of Pollution Controls Pollution controls divert economic resources from other economic activities, thereby reducing the potential size of measured national output. Under Secretary of State Catherine Novelli in 2015. Plastic pollution has become one of the most pressing environmental issues, as rapidly increasing production of disposable plastic products overwhelms the world’s ability to deal with them. Air pollution can also exacerbate existing lung and heart conditions, like asthma. The chemicals. Fishing line and nets can entangle propellers, causing damage to boats. “Some sinks to the bottom, but much remains as. Plastics are expected to outweigh fish in the ocean by 2050, the press release noted. Air pollution kills 7 million people each year, according to the World Health Organization. 4 Liability risks 18. Related economic costs include those linked to clean-up operations, litter removal, the repair and replacement of damaged vessels and gear, reduced fishing catches, and a decline in. Estimation of pollution in South Africa, using perception. Littering can have disastrous consequences on the environment. It also disrupts the wealthy Blue Economy of the Mediterranean, and litters its coastlines. Cleanup costs are staggering. The aim is to maximise the value of the plastic, minimise waste and reduce the emissions linked to its production, which are fuelling climate change. Other research presents new evidence on the differential effects across households of shelter-in-place rules , the types of firms that received support under the Paycheck Protection Program , the labor market effects of social distancing policies , and the response of household spending to pandemic-related economic dislocation. Plastic as Transportation. Global Ideas Taking on plastic pollution with molecular recycling. 7 Discussion & conclusion C-15. It’s often cheaper just to make virgin plastics, especially if you need plastic of a certain hardness or durability. Water is the most valuable resource that we have and all living things can't go for long without it. Economic Losses from Marine Pollution includes all of the relevant economic theory together with specific examples of how that theory has been and can be applied. Pollution is the introduction of harmful materials into the environment. It may seem like large amounts of plastic waste are inevitable in the world we live in, but you can help with the plastic pollution issue by being aware of its dangers and taking steps to reduce waste. Litter damages the aesthetics of a place. By one estimate, 56 percent of all the pollution a vehicle will ever produce. It’s a mind-bending problem, so embedded into our societies and lives that it begs the question of whether we’ll step up and take meaningful action. Plastic waste management is a critical issue. 5 percent annually, according to RAND Corp. Related economic costs include those linked to clean-up operations, litter removal, the repair and replacement of damaged vessels and gear, reduced fishing catches, and a decline in. Marine Pollution Bulletin Global ecological, social and economic impacts of marine plastic Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. Plastic is a valuable resource in many ways, but plastic pollution is an unnecessary and unsustainable waste of that resource. An Economic Evaluation of Plastic Bag Regulation. Recycling of plastic also can lead to negative effects, such as in the case of upcycling packaging waste to other industries. Since the pollution highly kills most vegetation and animals in the ocean, the fishing industry may no longer be able to provide a certain number of production. Learn more about our projects. Sea animals are regularly found to be tangled up in. Plastic waste. On World Environment Day, consider these facts on plastic pollution from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP): Each year, around 13 million tonnes of plastic end up in the oceans. The globally emerging environmental, economic and health risks related to plastic pollution require immediate international attention. Another claim made by institutions opposing plastic bag bans is that plastic bag bans affect small businesses financially (Bag the Ban, n. Government policies to reduce pollution. economy more than doubled. The solution to the plastic pollution crisis is to stop producing and using the material for all but essential purposes. Going vegan is a pointless form of virtue signaling – it doesn’t help the environment or the planet, analysis reveals. Plastic Oceans International is a global non-profit organization that addresses the issue plastic pollution and how it impacts our waters, sea life and humans. In the end, the ocean cause an impact into our economy that we have to deal with. These acids are formed primarily by nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides released into the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned. So, there are many aspects that affect the plastic: the environmental and include human, plants and animals and in economic terms. Air pollution is a major environmental health threat. Plastic pollution is an increasing environmental threat to marine and coastal ecosystems because of their ubiquity, high persistence and insufficient management. Air pollution harms people, other animals, and the environment, causing both long-term and short-term effects. Whether littered or dumped in tips, lightweight plastic bags tend to be picked up by the wind - travelling great distances, causing damage to wildlife and impacting on the visual amenity of an. What is exactly the global environmental problem of marine debris and plastic pollution we’re dealing with ? In two reports of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) dedicated to this topic, marine debris (or marine litter as this term is used) are defined as ‘any persistent, manufactured or processed solid material discarded. Packaging is the largest end-use market segment accounting for just over 40% of total plastic usage. Follow these steps to do your part in keeping our earth a cleaner place. Cities and nations are looking at banning plastic straws and stirrers in hopes of addressing the world's plastic pollution problem. February 22, 2019 Title 40 Protection of Environment Parts 260 to 265 Revised as of July 1, 2019 Containing a codification of documents of general applicability and future effect As of July 1, 2019. Air pollution and carbon dioxide are different things in China. Not only does plastic pollution in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch pose risks for the safety and health of marine animals, but there are health and economic implications for humans as well. But the majority of pollution from oil is from nonpoint sources, where small amounts coming from many different places over a long period of time add up to large-scale effects. Posted at 15:16 30 Jan. After all, we should be wary of being told that the world needs to return to the way it was before the pandemic. Plastic straws and other single-use plastics are a non-essential part of our life. 5tn a year, researchers find This article is more than 1 year old Scientists warn that social and economic price of plastic waste to global. A lot of plastic wastage is dividing into smaller particles and are mixing in air and in land. Sociologists are well placed to do this. Billions of pounds of plastic can be found in swirling convergences that make up about 40 percent of the world's ocean surfaces. Remember: the United States has one of the safest water supplies in the world. In particular, Lake Atitlan, a central part of the town’s rich Mayan culture, was filling up with plastic bags, styrofoam, and other detritus, according to the World Economic Forum (WEF). Marine plastic pollution costs the world up to $2. Curbing Plastic Pollution: Two Main Types of Legislation. Plastic Pollution: Causes and Effects of This Very Serious Issue. The aim is to maximise the value of the plastic, minimise waste and reduce the emissions linked to its production, which are fuelling climate change. Today, we have brought you the causes and effects of it. Abreu/Wikimedia Commons. 01/02/2020 / Ethan Huff. Highest-ever concentration of microplastics found on seafloor, study reveals the coronavirus pandemic is having a major impact on pollution, according to experts. Shuddering and unable to breathe, he vomited up five plastic bags. Reducing plastic bag use then has two effects: It minimizes the creation of waste, much of which drifts and ends up in the world’s oceans, harming marine life, and it reduces the air pollution. They absorb toxins and chemicals from other forms of water pollution to become even more dangerous to the animals. It puts the overall social and environmental cost of plastic pollution at $139bn a year. Plastics represent the vast majority of human-made debris present in the oceans. After a brief description of. The chemicals. Plastic, in the many landfills of Indonesia, releases toxins into the air and groundwater. It takes 100 years for plastic to degrade in the environment. Plastic bags help sustain 30,900 …. Plastic pollution is a major concern in the world. Recycling rates for plastic bags average around 7 percent. A nation's economic growth can contribute to several different kinds of pollution, affecting health and motivating policymaking decisions. The coronavirus pandemic's impact on pollution and climate change March 31, 2020 04:34 Although the science is far from clear , plastic makers have long argued that single-use plastics are safer. Deforestation has economic effects as well, as it deprives the community of revenue from tourism. In addition to these perception studies, Beaumont et al. Carbon tax, which makes people pay the social cost of pollution. As of now, only establishments which have more than 250 employees need to impose the charge on single-use plastic bags. The NCPA survey said that stores under the bag ban also experienced a 10% reduction in employment, while employment in stores outside of the ban slightly increased. Nutrient pollution has diverse and far-reaching effects on the U. The loss of vegetative cover, together with biodiversity also has economic implications. plastic pollution plastic pollution recycling. The Book Is Divided Into 28 Chapters Covering Almost All The Aspect Of Water Pollution Including Water Resources And General Properties Of Water; History Of Water Pollution And Legislation; Origin, Sources And Effects Of. See how global warming is damaging infrastructure in Alaska —and find other hot spots with cost impacts on the Climate Hot Map. Those exposed to air pollution are believed to be more at risk. The effects of plastic pollution on marine biodiversity are well documented, with UNEP estimating that marine ecosystems suffer $13 billion a year in damages caused by plastic waste. It also results in exposing the soils to erosion, acidification, runoff and leaching. 6bn (AUD) in our region alone;. Plastic is non-biodegradable and takes approx 500 to 1000 years to completely degrade. BPA is used in many things including plastic bottles and food packaging materials. It’s a climate issue and it’s a human health issue,” said Claire Arkin, communications coordinator for the Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives, a global network aiming to reduce pollution and eliminate waste incineration. Bill proposes ban on plastic waste exports. Plastics represent the vast majority of human-made debris present in the oceans. Plastic debris has been estimated to cause more than US$13 billion in economic damage to marine ecosystems each year and is now widely recognized to be a serious threat to the marine environment 1. Pollution is a significant negative externality and can result from a number of activities. Environmental plastic debris pollution is a rapidly expanding and significant threat to biodiversity because of its durability, abundance and persistence. Waste pollution can even occur at the usage stage of a material e. According to the Healthy People 2000 report [5] , each year in the United States: The health costs of human exposure to outdoor air pollutants range from $40 to $50 billion. For journalists who write about pollution regularly, the EPA has compiled a collection of online information , including glossaries, about specific air pollutants, including asbestos, lead and chlorofluorocarbons. Our modern world has become so dependent on the convenience of mass-produced, readily available plastic products — like disposable bags, bottles, and cups — that it’s surprising to consider that the world was once plastic-free. History of Plastic "Plastic" entered the world through chemistry in 1909 and was originally coined to describe Bakelite, the first fully synthetic resin. Plastic Oceans International is a global non-profit organization that addresses the issue plastic pollution and how it impacts our waters, sea life and humans. This shows how critical the effects of plastic chemical pollution on the environment truly is as a global issue. In 2016, we conducted a systematic review of the literature and made a call for further research testing hypotheses about ecological effects. Nutrient pollution has diverse and far-reaching effects on the U. If action isn't taken more widely, it might be too late to curb the damage by then. Sea animals are regularly found to be tangled up in. Air pollution can have a serious heath impact on humans. Plastic waste. Indicates required field. Editor's note: The deluge of popular articles and reports on marine plastic continues, but here at The Skimmer, we became curious about one important area where we weren't seeing as much information - how marine plastic pollution is affecting ocean users and the Blue Economy. Marine plastic debris and microplastics have substantial negative effects on marine ecosystems. Plastic bags and Styrofoam containers take hundreds of years to decompose, contaminating soil and water. This is the first global analysis of all forms of pollution and its impact on health, economic costs, and the environmental and social injustice of pollution. Van Jones sees a clear link between social justice and green energy -- and works for both. However, due to technical and economic limitations, it remains difficult to apply these measures at a large-scale. Starbucks recently announced that it would phase out use of plastic straws by the year 2020. are going up, up and up. Both of these are of great concern to human health. Plastic waste is littering our oceans and threatening the lives of millions of marine animals. Plastic waste pollution, aggravated by inefficient waste collection and limited recycling capabilities, is prevalent across Africa. Plastic accumulating in our oceans and on our beaches has become a global crisis. Marine litter is an environmental, economic, health and aesthetic problem affecting all regions around the world (UNEP 2005b, UNEP 2006a). The effects of oil pollution are devastating and well documented. Pollution may muddy. Measures To Reduce Plastic Waste Mismanagement. Annually, about 8. After all, plastic is made from oil (a non-renewable fossil fuel), and plastic pollution can harm or even kill a large variety of marine animals. Such markets vary with the economic cycle (they practically disappeared during the recession that commenced in 2008. Plastic breaks down into microplastics up to 5mm in diameter and you can be sure […]. Plastic may be cheap but the economic and human health effects are costly. More than 200 million cubic metres of waste. The Problem. Present knowledge of the adverse effects of plastic on wildlife is greatly based on the readily observed consequences like starvation and entanglement. Pollution of the marine environment is defined as the introduction by man, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy into the marine environment, including estuaries, which results or is likely to result in such deleterious effects as harm to living resources and marine. Pollution may muddy. 7 million metric tons a year. The impacts of marine plastic pollution: It is well known that plastic entering the world's oceans are having a huge impact on our marine life but it also has far reaching impacts on human health and the economy. population increased by one-third and the size of the U. After a brief description of. The Economic Effects of Pollution Controls Pollution controls divert economic resources from other economic activities, thereby reducing the potential size of measured national output. The fetal origins hypothesis posits that environmental conditions before birth can affect development, health and well-being. Impacts The impact of plastics pollution is not only related to their composition and form, but also critically with their life cycle from manufacture to disposal, and with exposure to these. It is really a sad indication that the economic activity goes down, but for our planet, that is a relief because the pollution levels are also decreasing. habitats or species affected by plastic pollution. Causes of plastic pollution. Because of overpopulation, more waste is generated each day. In particular, Lake Atitlan, a central part of the town’s rich Mayan culture, was filling up with plastic bags, styrofoam, and other detritus, according to the World Economic Forum (WEF). Air pollution can also exacerbate existing lung and heart conditions, like asthma. This article highlights the effects of plastic pollution, while also telling you about the causes of this problem, and some solutions. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. This new alliance is the most comprehensive effort to date to end plastic waste in the environment. Watch the video on our site here. Plastic bags are used by everybody. The Benefits of Plastic. 9/11/19, 1:45 PM CET. South Africa’s Department of Environmental Affairs has announced a new way forward in the fight against pollution, particularly plastic waste. USAID announced a $35 million, 50-percent loan-portfolio guarantee with Circulate Capital that will help. Plastic waste management is a critical issue. Much of our current understanding about plastic pollution is on a local level that cannot be interpreted easily on a global scale; and yet, this is a global threat. Those exposed to air pollution are believed to be more at risk. THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL EFFECTS ON BANNING PLASTIC BAGS Edited By: Tianyi Wu, Huilizhong Hu Pros - Most plastic bags are only used once - Save ocean species -Protect Environment Cons - Low production costs, only a few chemicals are needed -Not a long term solution -Cause. Plastic Disadvantages - Negative Effects of Plastic Today, you can hardly look around you and not spot some item that is made entirely from plastic or has some plastic ingredient. The pollution of the world’s. A study from the National Center for Policy Analysis claims that a ban on plastic bags used by grocers and retailers can negatively impact sales in the ban area and increase sales among stores just outside the bag ban region. 48 Eco Friendly Products You Can Buy Today to Help Stop Plastic Pollution To say plastic pollution is a widespread problem is not doing it justice: Only about 9% of all plastic ever made has likely been recycled with 12% of all plastic waste having been incinerated. Murty and Surender Kumar 19 certain levels without aff ecting its quality. This makes Africa especially suitable as a testbed to investigate the effectiveness of new. People depend on the production of plastic so much that consumption has gone from 5. Sea animals are regularly found to be tangled up in. Clean-up volunteers tackle largely plastic pollution on Melbourne's beaches Pollution on our beaches is getting worst fast, but government and industry is leaving it to volunteers to clean up the. While plastic pollution in the marine world has been studied for decades, the magnitude and effects of plastic pollution elsewhere is only just beginning to be understood. 4 Liability risks 18. TEDx was created in the spirit of TED’s mission, “ideas worth spreading. The solution to the plastic pollution crisis is to stop producing and using the material for all but essential purposes. To enable development of a regional understanding of the impacts of plastic pollution across South East Asia, it is also expected that researchers from LMICs in South East Asia will be included in the project teams, and they will receive funding via the lead UK research organisation. These economic forces also govern how plastic gets recycled—or doesn’t. Ironically given that it is China's bullish economic growth that is fueling such high levels of pollution, that same pollution is proving increasingly detrimental to the country's economic well. Sea-level rise, floods, droughts, wildfires, and extreme storms require extensive repair of essential infrastructure such as homes, roads, bridges, railroad tracks, airport. Some have worked well and some have not. For example, Chinese people start to care about clean coal, but “clean” here means low sulfur. Earlier this year, a study was published in Marine Pollution Bulletin about the impacts of plastics entering whales' diets. After sorting, some types, such as plastic bags, are washed and then heated to make molten plastic (Photo 10 and 11) that is then made into film or pellets. The accumulation of plastic and products made of plastic in the environment lead to plastic pollution which imposes a hazardous effect on wildlife and human food chain. Adequate supply of fresh and clean drinking water is a basic need for all human beings on the earth, yet it has been observed that millions of people worldwide are deprived of this. Nutrient pollution, for example, leads to an increase in algae, which depletes the water of oxygen, thereby leading to the death of fish and other aquatic life. The main problem caused by water pollution is the effect it has on aquatic life. What is a widely used material in our everyday life is turning into a giant headache in the way it is being disposed of and waste managed. Unfortunately, babies drinking from hard, plastic polycarbonate bottles ingest roughly 10 times that amount. Marine plastic pollution is impacting species like turtles and can impact humans through the food chain. Van Jones · Social justice and green energy activist. To help curb environmental pollution from waste there are two varieties of legislation. Among all 525 fulmar stomachs analysed over this period, 58% contained more than 0. Plastic Use of Plastic over last two decades has become an essential part of life and no doubt ic contributing to the growth of economy at the cost of environment. The problem of plastic pollution in the world's seas and oceans has attracted increasing scientific concern 1, with calls for an international agreement to address this issue. Plastic is non-biodegradable and takes approx 500 to 1000 years to completely degrade. But we can only end marine plastic pollution in the long run if we invent smarter materials and synchronize the economic system of mankind with the ecosystem of nature. Updated 9/23/19, 4:49 AM CET. Chemical Migration from Plastic Packaging into Contents People are exposed to these chemicals not only during manufacturing, but also by using plastic packages, because some chemicals migrate from the plastic packaging to the foods they contain. Scientists are investigating the long-term impacts of toxic pollutants absorbed, transported, and consumed by fish and other marine life, including the potential effects on human health. Serious Effects of Plastic Pollution on Human Health Greentumble Pollution June 29, 2018 Most of us grew up in an age where the mantra of "plastic is fantastic" shaped our environment to the extent that today plastic really is all around us. plastic pollution? 13. They include all direct, indirect, and induced effects of the economic activities. They can be considered as a very new and recent business group that deals with using biodegradable items to create plastic pots and other decorative. This article highlights the effects of plastic pollution, while also telling you about the causes of this problem, and some solutions. The effects of plastic pollution on marine biodiversity are well documented, with UNEP estimating that marine ecosystems suffer $13 billion a year in damages caused by plastic waste. Plastic is a non-biodegradable product, with the potential to cause great harm to the environment. The pressure goes on the Government to move to Covid-19 Alert Level 2 after another day of zero cases and grim economic predictions with the effects of tidal wave of plastic pollution,. 100% human. This article highlights the effects of plastic pollution, while also telling you about the causes of this problem, and some solutions. Read the report here. Plastic has benefited our society in a number of ways. 1 Effects of plastic pollution 3 1. Plastic pollution – particularly in the oceans around Africa – will thank goodness be in the spotlight during a two-day event in Port Elizabeth this July. To help reverse this trend, here are three tips from the nonprofit BoatUS Foundation for Boating Safety and Clean Water to help boaters reduce plastic waste and pollution while on the water. Such markets vary with the economic cycle (they practically disappeared during the recession that commenced in 2008. USAID announced a $35 million, 50-percent loan-portfolio guarantee with Circulate Capital that will help. Plastic pollution can have an impact on all areas of society such as the environment (water, land, air), humans and human health, wildlife, and the economy. in people’s. If action isn't taken more widely, it might be too late to curb the damage by then. The staggering economic cost of air pollution. However, it is quite manageable to monitor plastic pollution on land than on water. Plastic pollution is a global crisis, which must be addressed urgently. Plastic pollution threatens food safety and quality, human health, coastal tourism, and contributes to climate change. A man uses his mobile phone as he walks amid smog in Tianjin, China after the city issued a yellow alert for air. Winning Video – May 2016 - Duration: 5:26. It is now well evidenced that this plastic negatively impacts marine life ( Galloway et al. Sea animals are regularly found to be tangled up in. Still, the cost of cleaning these effects up is not included in the price of a product. Science has clearly shown that air pollution leads to disease, increased hospitalizations, and even premature death. The United Nations Economic Programme (UNEP) Report in 2017 has indicated that marine litter costs about US$13 billion per year, out of which the annual loss in tourism is US$622 million. Materials like plastic are non-degradable which means they will not be absorbed and recycled. Since beach pollution is a major contributor of microplastic pollution, beach cleanup efforts turn out to be much more than esthetic exercises. Not enough is known about the long-term effects of plastics pollution, but what we do know looks bad. Of that half arises from the climate effects of greenhouse-gas emissions linked to producing and. The full extent of the impact of plastic pollution on marine ecosystems is still unknown and therefore the. Indicates required field. curb environmentally deleterious effects of plastic bag production and consumption. Predicting the movement, impacts of microplastic pollution The current uncertainty as to the effects of global warming on our oceans is the greatest challenge in predicting the future patterns. The standard advice given when you find yourself in a hole: stop digging. The introduction or elimination of certain microorganisms distorts the ecosystem. consumerism on the environment. Research continues to uncover the growing threats from plastic pollution. 1 Plastic as a threat to human health and the marine environment 4 1. Plastic production accounts for 6 percent of global oil consumption (a number that will hit 20 percent in 2050) and 1 percent of the global carbon budget (the maximum amount of emissions the world. While desirable, recycling of plastics is currently constrained by material and chemical complexity, limitations in available technologies, and market demands. At the heart of the problem is one of plastic’s most valued properties: its. While it is hard to imagine life without plastic in the modern world, its impact on damaging the environment, flora and fauna has been raising concern across the world. Pollution is a significant negative externality and can result from a number of activities. Plastic Pollution Causes, Facts & Figures. Japan are also pushing for the adoption of an obligatory action framework to tackle plastic marine pollution at the G20 Summit in Osaka in June. Climate change narrative collapses as investigators determine up to 85% of Australia’s fires were started by people. Adequate supply of fresh and clean drinking water is a basic need for all human beings on the earth, yet it has been observed that millions of people worldwide are deprived of this. Effects of Water Pollution in China Yellow River pollution Waters that used to team with fish and welcome swimmers now have film and foam at the top and give off bad smells. Use of fossil fuels in factories and transportation creates a great deal of air pollution, but pollution can also stem from indoor sources such as dust and smoking. Every year, Americans throw away more than 100 billion single-use plastic bags. A new report finds that the amount of plastic pollution we create is set to double by 2030, and recommends a global treaty to address our plastic waste "crisis". On earth, which is having a terrible effect on marine life, wildlife as well as on humans. Plastic can hurt tiny organisms like plankton, which larger animals rely on for food. In the Caribbean, for example, approximately 80 percent of ocean pollution originates from activities on land. Pollution of sea water damages the oceanic life. A lot of plastic wastage is dividing into smaller particles and are mixing in air and in land. But the majority of pollution from oil is from nonpoint sources, where small amounts coming from many different places over a long period of time add up to large-scale effects. The companies, including large multinationals, are begging for government support and are putting even more emphasis on plastics as an alternative earning model. These toxins seep into lakes and rivers further damaging clean water supplies. Saying no to plastic bottles and plastic straws is a great way to keep plastic pollution out of our oceans. Plastic pollution: our disposable life. While research on plastic pollution has been growing exponentially over the past decade, there is poor understanding of the holistic effects of marine plastic and the resultant impact on ecosystem services, and in turn it's bearing on human. A volunteer says 'no' to plastic pollution during a clean-up drive in Manila Bay. In this blog I want to highlight some of the political issues that need to be resolved to tackle the crisis and the importance of solutions currently being devised in developing countries. Chemicals in plastics can build up in seabirds at levels thousands of times higher than normal. Children are especially vulnerable to the effects of pollution. The job industry surrounding the ocean environment can get affected negatively. There is growing and widespread evidence of the damage caused by plastic pollution especially in oceans. 5 million tons in the 1950's to 110 million tons in 2009 (Cho). Plastic Oceans International is a global non-profit organization that addresses the issue plastic pollution and how it impacts our waters, sea life and humans. For journalists who write about pollution regularly, the EPA has compiled a collection of online information , including glossaries, about specific air pollutants, including asbestos, lead and chlorofluorocarbons. Lighting that emits too much light or shines when and where it’s not needed is wasteful. What is exactly the global environmental problem of marine debris and plastic pollution we’re dealing with ? In two reports of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) dedicated to this topic, marine debris (or marine litter as this term is used) are defined as ‘any persistent, manufactured or processed solid material discarded. Worse still, most of our plastic waste in Europe is not recycled, as 39 per cent ends in landfills, 35 per cent is incinerated and only 26 per cent is collected for recycling. We use them every day in our homes, schools, offices, and during our travels in between places. But we can only end marine plastic pollution in the long run if we invent smarter materials and synchronize the economic system of mankind with the ecosystem of nature. Marine plastic pollution has a wide range of social and economic impacts. You understand. Since beach pollution is a major contributor of microplastic pollution, beach cleanup efforts turn out to be much more than esthetic exercises. Cavanagh, and C. Costa, Juliana A. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. Along with amazing technological advances, the Industrial Revolution of the mid-19th. The Philippines comes in third for plastic pollution. Upcycling plastic is still a linear process (in many cases) and still causes plastic pollution. A ban on the plastics could easy affect industry, posing question on the trade and employment. The editors welcome high quality papers where the pollutants are clearly defined and measured and can be directly related to biological, ecological, and human health effects. The effects of air pollution on human health and the environment have economic impacts. Doug Woodring, founder of Ocean Recovery Alliance, which runs the Plastic Disclosure Project, said the $13 billion estimate is conservative: "It depends how wide-ranging you want to incorporate the externalities of waste," which can include effects on human health, tourism, greenhouse gases, and wildlife. Our planet is beautiful, but also extremely fragile and I think many people see our planet and this pollution caused by human beings from a very different perspective now. What types of pollution can this create? Air pollution - exhaust fumes Noise pollution - increased engine noise New roads may have to be created to deal with the. It’s a mind-bending problem, so embedded into our societies and lives that it begs the question of whether we’ll step up and take meaningful action. The Code is divided into 50 titles which represent broad areas subject to Federal regulation. But critics say the marine impact of plastics is only part of the problem. 1  In 2013, those deaths cost the global economy $. Drinking water costs. The causes, effects and solutions of plastic pollution in the world. Coastal zones in Europe contain large human populations, significant socio-economic activities and assets, and fragile ecosystems. SPREP will work with member Pacific nations to identify and implement practical actions that can reduce the use of these plastics, improve their post-use management, or both. 2 Reputational risks 16 2. In the interactive map we show death rates from air pollution across the world, measured as the number of deaths per 100,000 people of a given country or region. For each goal, the effect of each pressure is weighted 'low' (1), 'medium' (2) or 'high' (3). 100% human. A nation’s economic growth can contribute to several different kinds of pollution, affecting health and motivating policymaking decisions. For instance, the first plastic waste recycling plant was established as long ago as the 1970s. Some 322 million tons of plastic, which. If action isn't taken more widely, it might be too late to curb the damage by then. Starbucks recently announced that it would phase out use of plastic straws by the year 2020. Many nations joined together with one focus - finding and implementing solutions to tackle the global challenge of ocean plastic. Water is the most valuable resource that we have and all living things can't go for long without it. Read about the effects of plastic on the environment. Updated 9/23/19, 4:49 AM CET. In other words, pollution is a necessary evil that people must put up with if they want to make progress. The Economic Effects of Pollution Controls Pollution controls divert economic resources from other economic activities, thereby reducing the potential size of measured national output. economy, impacting tourism, property values, commercial fishing, recreational businesses and many other sectors that depend on clean water. The economic costs of plastic pollution affecting tourism, fisheries and shipping sectors are estimated to be at least $8 billion USD annually. Plastic Pollution On Land Is A Problem - there's many different causes of plastic pollution on land, and there is perhaps not enough research into the full impact it might be having. USAID announced a $35 million, 50-percent loan-portfolio guarantee with Circulate Capital that will help. 7 Discussion & conclusion C-15. Marine plastic pollution costs the world up to $2. By 2015, global production had increased to 322 million metric tons (Mt) year−1, which approaches the total weight of the human popu-. Container Recycling Institute Susan Collins on Plastic Pollution. EFFECTS ON ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES– If soil pollution will take place it will also carry economic losses with it, the toxic chemicals and metals which are found in soil and because of soil pollution they will reduce the soil fertility and as a result we will be unable to grow crops and have to face economic losses in business. Pollution and Health will be an innovative and worthwhile international gathering emulating the advancement of Pollution and Health offers an extensive redirection to students and professionals coming from both academia and industry. consumerism on the environment. Pollution is a negative externality - a cost to society. Each solution goes through a strict assessment process. Valuing Plastics: The Business Case for Measuring, Managing and Disclosing Plastic Use in the Consumer Goods Industry. HOT The Study on the Economic Impacts of Recycling. A lot of plastic wastage is dividing into smaller particles and are mixing in air and in land. Another study also estimated the cost of plastic pollution to the world's marine ecosystem to roughly $13 billion each year. in people’s. More than half of the plastic waste in the ocean comes from just five Asian countries: China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam and Thailand, according to a 2017 report by the Ocean Conservancy and the McKinsey Center for Business and Environment. Of that half arises from the climate effects of greenhouse-gas emissions linked to producing and. Plastic is being used in many faucets of our daily lives, from micro-beads contained in facial washes, and even in chewing gum. Children are especially vulnerable to the effects of pollution. Effects of Plastic Pollution. Pollution from the BP spill oiled more than 1,000 linear miles of shoreline and contaminated marshes and mangrove habitats that support nesting birds. Every year, government spends a lot of money to produce and dispose plastic. Pollution and contaminants enter the oceans through a number of outlets: offshore oil and gas drilling, coal-burning power plants, aquaculture, mercury-based chlorine plants, plastics, marine debris and more. population and economic. Plastics represent the vast majority of human-made debris present in the oceans. 2 Overview of socio-economic impacts of Microplastics C-3 C. The most dangerous and common pollution of the century, should be plastic pollution. Plastic has increasingly become a ubiquitous substance in the ocean. The target audience are plastic bottle producers and consumers. The first step towards a plastic pollution solution is learning how to reduce plastic use. Environmental damage to marine ecosystems has been estimated at $13 billion per year. Plastic pollution poses even greater impacts on the environment because of its widespread usage and its durability component. Packaging is the largest end-use market segment accounting for just over 40% of total plastic usage. Technology has begun to solve some pollution problems, and public awareness of the extent of pollution will eventually make government bodies to be more proactive rather than. Atmospheric Pollution Research (APR) is an international journal designed for the publication of articles on air pollution. Environmental pollution usually occurs as a result of energy conversions and the use of resources which leaves their by-products behind in water, soil or air. After all, we should be wary of being told that the world needs to return to the way it was before the pandemic. Plastic Pollution On Land Is A Problem - there's many different causes of plastic pollution on land, and there is perhaps not enough research into the full impact it might be having. No one exactly knows how long plastic takes to break down, but it is believed to take hundreds or even thousands of years. Marine plastic debris and microplastics have substantial negative effects on marine ecosystems. Causes of plastic pollution. The global economic damage of nitrogen pollution is estimated at $200–800 billion per year. 100% human. researchers can place a monetary value on the health effects caused by air pollution and come up with a "social cost" of the offending. Learn more about our projects. Children are especially vulnerable to the effects of pollution. 1 Plastic as a threat to human health and the marine environment 4 1. Beaches covered with plastic wastes are not a rare scene in these days. “Some sinks to the bottom, but much remains as. Littering can have disastrous consequences on the environment. Today at the Woodrow Wilson Center, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), in partnership with impact-investment firm Circulate Capital, made substantial commitments to attract private capital and the development of new businesses in South and Southeast Asia. Health Aspects of Water …. This article highlights the effects of plastic pollution, while also telling you about the causes of this problem, and some solutions. Marine plastic pollution is heavily driven by escaped plastic waste from land. They cause billions in damage to the environment and to health. In fact, plastic has helped aeronautics technology take giant steps forward over the past 50 years, including advancements in satellites, shuttles, aircraft, and missiles. The use of chemical additives in plastics also poses a potential threat to human health. ” It supports independent. Not only does plastic pollution in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch pose risks for the safety and health of marine animals, but there are health and economic implications for humans as well. Valuing Plastics: The Business Case for Measuring, Managing and Disclosing Plastic Use in the Consumer Goods Industry. It's a climate issue and it's a human health issue," said Claire Arkin, communications coordinator for the Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives, a global network aiming to reduce pollution and eliminate. Plastic Soup highlights a diverse array of projects to curb plastic waste and raise awareness, from plastic-free grocery stores and innovative laws to public art installations and products made from ocean plastic. Finally, ocean waters face a serious pollution risk, not only in the Caribbean islands but also in the continental countries that border the Caribbean Basin. The pollution of soil changes the complete ecosystem be it microorganisms, plants, animals or humans. We've outlined some of the potential effects of plastic pollution in the ocean and land plastic pollution guide. Curbing Plastic Pollution: Two Main Types of Legislation. This legislation includes “command and control” measures and market-based economic instruments. While countries grow, their plastic consumption also tends to grow and the anticipated plastic pollution trend in the future is threatening the globe. Plastic bottles are currently the 5th most commonly found trash item at coastline cleanups (by quantity), making up a sizable portion of the total plastic pollution in oceans. Many of these items are single-use items, which are used once and then tossed in the trash. The Effects of Plastic on economy: Plastic types are vary , some of them are petroleum -based plastic. Such externalities include the aesthetic damage created by landfills containing plastic waste, the impact to marine life of plastic residuals, the hazardous emissions of plastic incineration, and the economic inefficiencies created by the difficulty of plastic reutilization. Winning Video - May 2016 - Duration: 5:26. While research on plastic pollution has been growing exponentially over the past decade, there is poor understanding of the holistic effects of marine plastic and the resultant impact on ecosystem services, and in turn it's bearing on human. As a consequence of the global ubiquity of plastic pollution, scientists, decision‐makers, and the public often ask whether macroplastics (>5 mm) and microplastics (<5 mm) have a realized ecological threat. Air pollution is clearly very costly, though, to its $11-trillion-plus economy. Global News 91,124 views. Three key ingredients—sunlight, warm air, and pollution from power plants and cars burning coal and gasoline—combine to produce ground-level ozone (smog), which humans experience as poor air quality. Statistics show that throwaway junk in the form of plastic bags and bottles has risen by 620% since the year 1975. Both paper bags and plastic bags have negative effects on the environment, yet plastic bags, in addition to affecting the terrestrial environment, pose a threat to marine environments and marine animals. 2 Reputational risks 16 2. If action isn't taken more widely, it might be too late to curb the damage by then. Recycling rates for plastic bags average around 7 percent. Waste pollution can even occur at the usage stage of a material e. 7 million metric tons a year. While recycling the bottle helps the environment, producing it has already done a great amount of damage because 90% of bottled. Banning plastic straws and styrofoam (EPS) is becoming popular public policy. 12/24/2019 / Arsenio Toledo. Th e control of water pollution is. The Plastic We 'Recycle' Is Actually Horrible for the Environment. 118, May 2017, pp. population and economic. This article highlights the effects of plastic pollution, while also telling you about the causes of this problem, and some solutions. To do so, the government has two options: 1) create new stand-alone legislation or, 2) use existing legislation to enforce the prohibition. No one exactly knows how long plastic takes to break down, but it is believed to take hundreds or even thousands of years. Multinational companies are business entities that operate in more than one country. 5 trillion a year. According to a report from the Ellen Mc Arthur Foundation and the Mc Kinsey Institute: most plastic packaging is used only once; 95% of the value of plastic packaging material, worth $80-120 billion annually, is lost to the economy. In fact, plastic bags contaminate curbside recycling. This is due to commercial and tourism shipping, which have been responsible for spills of hydrocarbons and other petroleum-derived products. Filipinos, particularly businessmen, seemed to heed the advice that was given to Oscar-nominated Dustin Hoffman in. The usage of plastic is increasing exponentially from the last century. Upcycling plastic is still a linear process (in many cases) and still causes plastic pollution. Erik Solheim, Head of UN Environment, participates in the largest beach clean-up in history at Versova Beach Clean-Up in Mumbai, India. It is intended to inform and motivate individual and collective action by health care professionals to prevent damage to children’s health from exposure to air pollution. Fishermen have tried to get regulations that would help them to increase the amount of marine life in the ocean. While desirable, recycling of plastics is currently constrained by material and chemical complexity, limitations in available technologies, and market demands. Examples of the effects to the oceans include reports of whale deaths due to plastic, the discovery of plastic at the bottom of the Mariana Trench, and reports of the amounts of plastic in the oceans tripling by 2050. In the end, the ocean cause an impact into our economy that we have to deal with. The Study: Researchers analyzed the […]. Jamaica had a history of having one of the highest per capita uses of plastic bags in the world, with the average national estimated to use around 500 bags each year. The major chemicals that go into the making of plastic are highly toxic and pose serious threat to living beings of all species on earth. In terms of the effects of plastic pollution on m arine life - These plastics floating in our ocean or sinking to the bottom and turning into microfibers are particularly hazardous to fish, mammals, and sea life in general. Polyethene-made items are made for one-time use only, once used they are being thrown away. Plastic debris has been estimated to cause more than US$13 billion in economic damage to marine ecosystems each year and is now widely recognized to be a serious threat to the marine environment 1. 1% in the first eight. The Study also found that the recycling of municipal solid waste creates economic benefits for the Texas economy, with more than 17,000 person years of direct, indirect, and induced employment supported during 2015. But these bans leave the impression that they solve the plastics pollution problem without much. Plastic bottles are currently the 5th most commonly found trash item at coastline cleanups (by quantity), making up a sizable portion of the total plastic pollution in oceans. History of Plastic "Plastic" entered the world through chemistry in 1909 and was originally coined to describe Bakelite, the first fully synthetic resin. Many nations joined together with one focus - finding and implementing solutions to tackle the global challenge of ocean plastic. M ore than 5. By one estimate, 56 percent of all the pollution a vehicle will ever produce. The World Health Organization notes that an increased rate of illness due to pollution places a financial strain on insurance companies, government-funded health programs and individuals themselves. Pollution of the marine environment is defined as the introduction by man, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy into the marine environment, including estuaries, which results or is likely to result in such deleterious effects as harm to living resources and marine. Technology has begun to solve some pollution problems, and public awareness of the extent of pollution will eventually make government bodies to be more proactive rather than. Plastic pollution poses even greater impacts on the environment because of its widespread usage and its durability component. Littering can have disastrous consequences on the environment. A new study is the first study to measure the economic impact marine plastic pollution has on ecosystem services. The most obvious form of pollution associated with plastic packaging is wasted plastic sent to landfills. Marine litter, and in particular plastic waste, is a growing en-vironmental concern due to its aesthetic, economic, and ecological impacts. Economic effects Though industrialisation may appear to be a sign of development and progress, the costs involved in pollution control and clean-up of water sources and polluted areas is very high. The fetal origins hypothesis posits that environmental conditions before birth can affect development, health and well-being. They run on oil, which sometimes leaks out. How does plastic end up in the ocean? Plastic enters the ocean through a number of pathways. We have a responsibility to act now before the overwhelming public health, environmental, climate and economic effects of plastic pollution reach the point of no return. Marine pollution is a growing problem in today's world. The target audience are plastic bottle producers and consumers. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. How can we improve data integration to evaluate and refine management of plastic pollution? 16. While desirable, recycling of plastics is currently constrained by material and chemical complexity, limitations in available technologies, and market demands. Biological effects from pollution are linked with resulting economic effects and losses. Clever “Flying-V” plane design is more fuel. 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